Difference Between ODBC and JDBC

Main Difference

ODBC and JDBC, both are the API (Application Programming Interface) that help the applications on the customer side to get to the database on the server side.

The RDBMS merchants give ODBC or JDBC drivers so that their database can be gotten to by the applications on the customer side.

The point that on a very basic level separates JDBC and ODBC is that JDBC is dialect area and it is Java particular while, the ODBC is a dialect autonomous.

Give us a chance to find in what number of perspectives the does JDBC and ODBC varies from each other with the assistance of examination diagram demonstrated as follows.

ODBC is an open interface which can be utilized by any application to speak with any database framework, while JDBC is an interface that can be utilized by Java applications to get to databases.

Along these lines, not at all like JDBC, ODBC is dialect autonomous. In any case, by utilizing JDBC-to-ODBC connect Java applications can likewise converse with any ODBC consistent database.

Comparison Table "ODBC and JDBC"

GROUNDS FOR COMPARING
ODBC
JDBC
BasicODBC is dialect and stage autonomous.JDBC is dialect and stage subordinate (Java Specific).
Full FormOpen Database Connectivity.Java Database Connectivity.
CodeComplex by Nature.Simple By Nature.

Brief Explanation ODBC VS. JDBC

Meaning of ODBC

ODBC Architecture

ODBC is an interface to get to database administration frameworks (DBMS). ODBC was created by SQL Access Group in 1992 at any given moment there was no standard medium to convey between a database and an application. It doesn’t rely on upon a particular programming dialect or a database framework or a working framework. Developers can utilize ODBC interface to compose applications that can question information from any database, paying little heed to the earth it is running on or the sort of DBMS it employments.

Since ODBC driver goes about as an interpreter between the application and the database, ODBC can accomplish the dialect and stage freedom. This implies the application is alleviated of the weight of knowing the database particular dialect. Rather it will just know and utilize the ODBS linguistic structure and the driver will make an interpretation of the question to the database in a dialect it can get it. At that point, the outcomes are returned in an arrangement that can be comprehended by the application. ODBC programming API can be utilized with both social and nonsocial database frameworks. Another significantly preferred standpoint of having ODBC as a widespread middleware between an application and a database is that each time the database particular changes, the product does not should be refreshed. Just a refresh to the ODBC driver would be adequate.

Meaning of JDBC

JDBC Architecture

Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) is an application programming interface i.e. (Programming interface). JDBC was discharged as a piece of Java development Kit (JDK) 1.1 in the year 1996 by SUN Microsoft. It is assembled the premise of ODBC and subsequently, a few nuts and bolts of ODBC hold in JDBC. It is a standard interface between any Java application and distinctive databases. The capacity of JDBC is to assist the Java-based application with accessing distinctive sorts of databases. JDBC give techniques to inquiry database, and it can likewise be utilized to refresh the database. JDBC give JDBC drivers that change over the demand from Java application on customer side to the dialect that database gets it.

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As JDBC is dialect and stage particular, Java application can utilize JDBC-to-ODBC scaffold to speak with ODBC mobile databases. The JDBC has simple coding, it is just restricted to Java as it were. It is an interface that helps a customer to get to a database framework, by giving strategies to inquiry and refresh information in the databases. JDBC is more reasonable for question arranged databases.

Key Differences Between ODBC and JDBC

The key differences between the ODBC and JDBC are as followed.

  1. ODBC is a capacity that gives a standard programming API strategy to PCs utilizing DBMSs; JDBC is an API utilized for the Java programming dialect to characterize how a customer may get to a database.
  2. ODBC executions are going through various working frameworks; JDBC usage can exist and be utilized by a similar application.
  3. ODBC is for Microsoft and JDBC is for java applications.
  4. ODBC can’t be specifically utilized with Java since it utilizes a C interface.
  5. ODBC makes utilization of pointers which have been expelled absolutely from java.
  6. ODBC combines basic and propelled includes and has complex alternatives for basic queries, But JDBC is intended to keep things straightforward while permitting propelled capacities whenever required.
  7. ODBC requires the manual establishment of the ODBC driver supervisor and driver on all customer machines. JDBC drivers are written in java and JDBC code is naturally installable, secure, and mobile on all stages.
  8. JDBC API is a characteristic Java Interface and is based on ODBC. JDBC holds a portion of the essential component of ODBC.

Main Similarity Between ODBC and JDBC

The ODBC and JDBC are utilized by the customer-side applications to get to various types of databases on the server side.

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Difference Between ODBC and JDBC Conclusion

Both the ODBC and JDBC are utilized from an application on the customer side to get to various sorts of the database on the server side. When you need to stage and dialect autonomous then utilize ODBC else when you are chipping away at Java stage then utilize JDBC.

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